Amphibians of Costa Rica

Order Anura

Order Anura

Order Gymnophiona

Order Gymnophiona

Order Caudata

Order Caudata

Amphibians belong the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, and class Amphibia.  The class Amphibia, which contains more 7,000 species, is comprised of three extant (or currently existing) orders; Anura (the tailless amphibians commonly known as frogs and toads), Caudata (the tailed amphibians commonly known as salamanders, newts, sirens, and amphiumas), and Gymnophiona (the limbless and principally subterranean amphibians known commonly as caecilians, which have a physical appearance similar to earthworms).

The order Anura makes up the bulk of the diversity of living amphibians, with more than 6000 species.  The Order Caudata is the second most diverse group of living amphibians with nearly 700 species, followed by Gymnophiona with 200 species.

 Costa Rica’s 201 species of amphibians are represented by all three living orders, with 145 species of anurans (72 % of total diversity), 49 species of caudates (24 % of total diversity), and 7 species of caecilians (4 % of total diversity).

This page contains example images taken by the C.R.A.R.C. of some the diversity of amphibians that are native to Costa Rica.

ORDER ANURA:

Family: Aromobatidae

Family: Bufonidae

Family: Centrolenidae

Family: Craugastoridae

Family: Dendrobatidae

Family: Eleutherodactylidae

Family: Hemiphractidae

Family: Hylidae

Family  Leptodactylidae
 
Family Microhylidae
 
Family Ranidae
 
ORDER CAUDATA:
 
Family: Plethodontidae
 
ORDER GYMNOPHIONA:
 
Family: Dermophiidae
 
 
 
 
 

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